The Bolesławiec Commune, which consists of 29 rural administration units (30 villages), is located in the north-western part of the Lower Silesian Province, in the Bolesławiec poviat. The commune area is strongly stretched towards the meridian along the Bóbr River. The area of the commune is 288 km2, and 47.9% of the commune is covered by forests included in the Lower Silesian Forests – one of the largest forest complexes in Poland. The seat of the Commune Office is located in the city of Bolesławiec in a small building of the former Dominican monastery. The commune is characterized by good transport accessibility (A4, A18 motorways, regional road No. 297).
The history of the Bolesławiec Commune is closely related to the city of Bolesławiec. The first traces of settlement in the commune date back to the middle period of the Stone Age – mesolithic, from about 8,300 – 4,500 BC. In the years 1400 – 500 BC, in the vicinity of Chościszowice, Łąki, Brzeźnik and Okolice, the Lusatians were settled, as indicated by the traces of settlements and cemeteries left after them. There are also Roman influences – the inflow of people from Luborzyca. The written history of these lands begins with the so-called Bavarian Geographer, who in the middle
of the nineteenth century described the tribe of the Western Slavs living in the area up to Kwisa – the Bieśniczan peoples. At the turn of the 9th and the 10th centuries, the Bolesławiec area was occupied by the tribe of Milczanie, whose indigenous land was in the vicinity of Budziszyn (Ger. Bautzen).
The Bolesławiec Commune is characterized by a picturesque location on the border of the Izerskie Foothills and Lower Silesian Forests. The Lower Silesian Forests, the Bóbr River and numerous lakes are places of rest and active spending of free time by the residents of the commune, as well as tourists, and many visitors to these areas. Undoubtedly, all villages within it are an interesting point of every visit to the commune. The today’s picture of a Lower Silesian village consists of preserved elements of historical development and modern buildings. Important buildings with cultural values that exist in some villages are residential premises. Preserved mansions and parks represent a provincial version of late Baroque (e.g. Ocice) and eclectic (e.g. Kruszyn) architecture. Characteristic elements of almost every village are the church (sometimes two – Catholic and Evangelical), surrounded by stone walls within which cemeteries were established. Churches and cemeteries were located higher, and they often dominate the buildings. Their outline is complemented by old trees. Architecturally, these buildings have simple forms accented by a tower, usually topped with a pyramidal roof. The exception is the post-Evangelical church in Żeliszów with an unusual shape, i.e. on an oval plan. These objects often have a medieval origin, a masonry construction that is plastered. In the villages in the described area you can meet wooden and stone roadside crosses, as well as stone monuments from the Franco-Prussian War. There are 34 buildings in the Bolesławiec Commune included in the register of monuments and 965 structures included in the List of Monuments in the Bolesławiec Poviat/Bolesławiec Commune.
A well-developed network of cultural institutions functions within the commune. The Commune Culture and Sports Center in Bolesławiec and Kruszyna deals with making the culture more popular in the area. The Centre performs its tasks using libraries, folk houses, meeting rooms, sports fields and changing rooms available in the commune. The Commune Centre of Culture and Sports cooperates with schools, Rural Housewives’ Circles, Village Leader Councils of particular villages and residents of the commune, cultural institutions located in the city of Bolesławiec, as well as in the poviat. The CCCS regularly organizes such events as the Balkan Festa, Puzzle Marathn, Communal Sports Day, Christmas Traditions Evening, festivities and sports competitions. The most important event is always the Commune Harvest Festival, which gathers and engages all inhabitants of the commune in joint activities. The sports infrastructure is used by numerous clubs and sports sections (12 multi-purpose pitches and 22 grass pitches).
The Bolesławiec Commune is one of the most important industrial centres in the Bolesławiec Poviat. The development of the mining industry in the area of Bolesławiec has allowed to develop such industries as chemical and building materials. Bolesławiec ceramics is commonly known. Local production plants are characterized by branch diversity, and their activities are often associated with the use of local resources.
What are we famous for?
- natural resources – sands, clays, including white clay that occurs only in the Bolesławiec Poviat,
- nature: Lower Silesian Forests, Przemków Moor, Warren Rocks, gravel lakes along the Bóbr River, numerous nature monuments including backyard parks, old tree avenues,
- architectural monuments: post-evangelical temples, manors, palaces, half-timbered buildings, technical monuments – hydroelectric power plants,
- hiking trails, bicycle and horse trails,