The county of Bautzen (Budziszyn) (Upper Lusatian Wkrjes Budyšin) in eastern Saxony is the largest county of the Land of Saxony – together with Bautzen, Bischofswerda, Kamenz, Hoyerswerda and Radeberg they belong to county cities. The Bautzen county borders in the north with Brandenburg, in the east with the county of Görlitz, in the south with the Czech Republic and the county of Saxon Switzerland – Eastern Rudawy. An important neighbour is the capital of the federal state of Dresden, and the county of Meißen. This county is a member of the Nysa Euroregion. The Bautzen district stretches from the Brandenburg border through the Upper Lusatian landscape of heaths and ponds, and the Lusatian mountainous region around Wilthen and Cunewalde (commonly referred to as Oberland = mountainous country) up to the Czech border at Sohland an der Spree. The highest elevation is Valtenberg (Valten mountain) (587 m) at Neukirch/Lausitz (in Lusatia). The largest northern-southern county area is about 63 km, and the largest eastern-western area is about 65 km.
The largest river in the territory of the county is Spree, which flows through Bautzen. Small rivers are the branches of the river – Kleine Spree, Schwarzwasser, Löbauer Wasser, Schwarze Elster, Große Röder and Wesenitz, where Bischofswerda is located. In terms of surface, the largest water reservoir is the Lohsa II lake reservoir at Lohsa. In the centre of the county there are many ponds and lakes that were created for fishing purposes. The area of the county with the size of 2390 km² is mainly covered with pine forests in the northern part, the central part is intensively developed, and spruce and mixed forests predominate in the Lusatian mountainous country. Federal roads No. 6 (Dresden-Bautzen-Görlitz), No. 96 (Hoyerswerda-Bautzen-Zittau), No. 97 (Cottbus-Dresden), No. 98 (Zeithain-Laußnitz and Bischofswerda-Oppach), and No. 156 (Weißwasser-Bautzen) run through the county. In addition, there is also motorway No. 4 (Dresden – Görlitz) with a length of 65.22 km. The civil airport is located in Litten, east of Bautzen and near Kamenz, and special airports in Klix, Nardt near Hoyerswerda and in Brauna. The Dresden Airport is located directly on the western border of the county. The basis for railway connections in the Bautzen district is the section of the Dresden-Görlitz railway line through Radeberg, Bischofswerda and Bautzen, from which the Dresden-Klotzsche-Königsbrück, Arnsdorf-Kamenz and Bischofswerda-Zittau sections derive. In the north, a section of the Węgliniec-Ruhland (-Roßlau) railway through Hoyerswerda passes through the county. Moving around the rest of the county is possible thanks to regional bus lines.
Bahnhofstraße 9 · 02625 Bautzen
Rammenau Baroque Palace
The Rammenau Palace in Rammenau at Bischofswerda is one of the better preserved baroque rural palaces in Saxony. The complex includes the honorary courtyard, cavalry palace, knight goods and the park. You can reach the palace complex via the two-floor gatehouse with a baroque structure. The gatehouse is a section of the farm and the home farm. The farm is enclosed with two cavalry palaces which lead to the honorary courtyard or the yard before the primary building. The palace is a two-story three-winged complex with the mansard. The three-step baroque stairway leads from the entry hall with the cross vault into the upper story.
On the ground floor is the palace restaurant and several museum rooms and on the upper story are the palace performance chambers renovated to the original state as much as possible. The great park is an excellent festivity backstage. In the last week of August, it holds, for example, the annual Linen Days of Górne Łużyce being the meeting of designers and masters of artistic craftwork from many European countries related to “everything about the linen”.
Nearby Bautzen, right next to the dinosaur park, is the largest labyrinth in Germany with an area of 10,000 m². This one is composed of three sections connected with each other where each provides unforgettable experience. From the great bridge – the destination of the labyrinth, from the hedge, you can see lost guests who are looking for exit and root for them or lead them away. Brave guests can drive through the whole park with the rope railway. The guests’ knowledge is verified in the mystery section of the labyrinth. And the adventure section challenges the physical fitness of visitors. Additionally, a mystery treasure-seeking play is offered to all age groups. In July and August, the main prize of labyrinth can be looked for. The most likable and attended are ghost nights in September/October.
Quad center in Klein Partwitz
An off-road ride is the motto of quad trips of the Lusatian lake region. This constantly changing landscape makes this region unique and offers interesting tours of the former open opencast mines. The manager, Andreas Ittmann, has 15 associates in his car park. Starting from Klein Partwitz, the route runs along the Parwitz and Sedlitz lakes, and with special permission – even around the active Welzow-Süd opencast mine. The offer includes sections between 20 and 100 km. About 90 percent of the routes are field trips on sand, gravel and in parkland areas. In addition to families, clubs, associations and companies from all over Germany and the Czech Republic are guests to this location
The dinosaur park between the towns of Klein and Großwelka, with over an area of 16 hectares and 200 amazingly looking sculptures of dinosaurs and other ancient creatures of natural sizes, is the largest one in Germany. Every year, between April and October, the park invites you to an exciting expedition 80 or 100 million years to the past. The main entrance to the park, opened in 2017, is gigantic and called Mitozeum. The daredevils can look into the open mouth of the tyrannosaurus, amateur scientists can look for nails of dinosaurs on excavations or go through the climbing forest in the heart of the dinosaur park. A thrill of emotions is guaranteed by the “unforgettable world”, the exceptional area. Other event points such as the 35 m2 dancing fountain add to the park trip and ensure unforgettable experience for the whole family!
HOUSE OF THE THOUSAND OF PONDS and a biospheric reserve – UNESCO Upper Lusatian landscape of heaths and ponds
The biosphere reserve “Oberlausitzer Heide – und Teichlandschaft” (” Upper Lusatian landscape of heaths and ponds”) celebrated its 20-year-long jubilee in 2014. Already in 1990, the main part of the natural environment with the same name was taken under protection as a protected landscape zone due to its unique natural setting. In 1996, the Upper Lusatian landscape was declared as the 13th biosphere reserve of UNESCO in Germany on the pattern of the “Man and Biosphere” program. It is one of the largest areas with ponds in Germany and covers an area of 30,000 hectares almost half of which is a nature reserve. The Visitor Information Centre at the House of Thousands Ponds offers surprising and informative insights into the century-long tradition of pond cultivation. The main attraction here is the huge aquarium. In the external part of the entertainment, children and adults can have fun at will, or, if preferred, go on an exploration trip along the survival route associated with the nature of Guttau ponds and Lake Olba.
Zoo and castle at Hoyerswerda
Children and adults feel good at the zoo in Hoyerswerda and can be taken away from Łużyce for a small journey around the world – no matter if you are looking eye to eye at a tiger or flirting with a meerkat. In the tropical house, crocodiles, snakes and hippos are waiting for visitors. After travelling around the world in the zoo, there comes a time travel around the urban museum. In the new adventure zone, the history of the city is presented through many interesting discoveries and complicated puzzles. The SAMBESI restaurant, made in the African style, spoils guests with specific meals and is exceptionally family-friendly due to its unique internal playground.
KRABAT mill in Schwarzkollm
As a used replica of the so-called “Black Mill”, known as the main location of the story of the “KRABAT” saga, the KRABAT mill became a tourist cultural centre. After an exciting exploratory trip through the mysterious world of the legendary figure known as KRABA, you can enjoy the Serbian and regional cuisine at the “Haus des Müllers” (“Müller’s House”). The main cultural points, such as the KRABAT Festival, the harvest festival or the summer outdoor cinema, attract many guests from different parts of the world every year.
Saxon Museum of Industry
Knappenrode energy factory
Knappenrode energy factory
There is a lot to discover on the 25-hectare area of the museum. Steam locomotives, sections of underground construction to which you can enter, impressive industrial machines or fire engines – everyone will find something of interest here. Thanks to the visitors’ tour around the factory, you can move in time to when in Łużyce instead of lakes and beaches there were brilliants and briquette factories. Through the sound of the siren of changes (at work), the factory becomes acoustically alive again and provides guests with a deafening experience. Children can discover a maze with a slide in the tunnel and a pyramid of explorers. The bistro invites you to relax, and the museum shop to buy a souvenir.
Bautzen Minigolf Park
Eastward from Bautzen, directly at the promenade of the Bautzen Lagoon, with the view on the water dam, is the Adventure minigolf park with 18 holes. There you can discover all monuments of Łużyce shown as miniatures and hit the ball by various regional landscapes. All playgrounds are available and invite you to playfully discover Łużyce. At every path is the notice board where the mascot – Golfi mole – provides advice on how to play the ball and shares some interesting information on the monuments or landscapes. As everyone knows, being outdoors makes you hungry and this is why the bar comes to satisfy you with its choice of ice-creams, drinks and foods.
Children Cafe Valentin in Bautzen
On the huge internal playground located at Rosenstraße w Bautzen, in the former covered swimming pool, children can crawl, slide, have fun, drive small cars (Bobby cars) or splash in the swimming pool with balls when their mothers and fathers can have a small rest and a cup of coffee. The excellent children birthdays can be arranged there as well. Obviously, the parents can immerse into the childhood world and have fun with their children.
Culture and Animals Park in Bischofswerda
The animal and cultural park in Bischofswerda is a small, lovely park with a beautiful and old tree stand and many places to rest. Guests can discover about 200 different animals of 60 species and know them with “all senses”. The animals are presented in three content fields: bears – their biotope and inhabitants, the local endangered species and pets with breeding cattle. There is plenty to discover in the park. In addition to a lot of insight on individual animals, the guests will also find a bicycle station, mini-farmstead where you can touch and stroke the animals, slide for smallest children, touchable boxes and a sensual path to walk barefoot. From the bear café you can watch racoons, ducks and donkeys. The scene of events with the underground labyrinth is liked not only by the children.
Cable Railway at Bautzen Reservoir
The cable railway at the Bautzen Reservoir is the height- and nature-related experience for all age groups. Climbing, sliding, hanging down and jumping – everything can be done at a height of 3 to 11 meters. In one of the largest artificial climbing facilities in the Saxony you can finally open the floodgate to your need of activity and let off the steam. During 60 exercises of different degree of difficulty and heights, children and their parents can check their physical and mental abilities at a height and challenge their agility. The main attraction is the parkour with the rope slide of more than 230 meters long. The park is also ideal for integration trips and children birthdays. The bar even adds to the ideal offer of the park.
Forest stage and astronomical observatory in Sohland
The sun, moon and stars – you can find yourself near the sky in Sohland a.d. Spree. While it is great to walk on the path of the solar clock in Taubenheim, the astronomic observatory provides insight into the space with its technically interesting telescopes and teaches how to wonder. On the forest stage, near one of the most liked tourist destinations, the water dam with paddle boats available for rental, multiple bars and a large playground, the theater plays are staged between June and August. Comedies and performances for children tire the laughing muscles and delight their hearts.
Trips around Bautzen Old Town with local guides
There are many cities but rarely has the heart of the city been preserved for many hundreds of years as in the thousand years old Bautzen. The guests should be willing to know the center of Górne Łużyce. You are invited by the local guides. The guides tell much about the history and current information on Bautzen, lead the tourists to the Gothic churches, remains after urban walls with massive towers and dungeons, to the urban castle and to many other magnificent baroque buildings. The guests will obviously find out something about the life of the German and Serbian residents of Bautzen, which is considered the cultural and administrative center of the Serbian minority. In addition to the general guides around the city, the content-related trips are offered, such as “Bautzen views of the old town”, “Under the paving of Bautzen”, “Bautzen – city of towers” and many others. Those who are interested, can discover the town secrets with various figures, such as the dress trader Teda, story-teller Elisia, Johanna von Burglehn, the town writer, Caspar Peuker and the night guard.
Körse Kirschau Thermal Pool
The health resort in the mountainous corner of Łużyce Górne has the brine corridors in addition to the brine swimming pool in the eastern Saxony. Therefore, you can benefit from the salt treatment both in water and from the air. The swimming pool lures the guests with its jacuzzi, channel with a water current, mini-slide and many other relaxing facilities. Two solariums are provided for those who are hungry for the sun. The great section with saunas and a garden offers many different saunas, baths and jacuzzi. Swimming pools with cold water and snow chambers provide a much needed cooling after saunas.
Rest Oasis and Jakubz Castle in the Town of Mortka
In the small town of Mortka, among the Łużyce-landscape of moorlands and ponds, you can see the Medieval castle, designed, developed and erected in the 21st century. And many more! You can even feast and sleep here. The Jakubz Castle is a novelty in Europe. The extraordinary equipment and romantic atmosphere of this impressive castle complex ideally fit into the picturesque landscape. On every Sunday and holiday between 2.30 and 4.00 p.m. and for group orders of more than 10 people, visitors of the castle can take part in various events that will make their visit even more beautiful.
Klippenstein Museum Palace
Radeberg welcomes you with the former Medieval Era >>Castrum Rederbach<< and the renaissance hunter palace of Saxony regents – known today as the palace and city museum with various exceptional exhibitions and events. Near the Radeberger exported brewery – the only court supplier of Saxony kings – the complex has regain the former glamor since 2012. Since December 1953, the palace covered by protection of monuments has contained the “Radeberg Touring Museum” and since April 2015, it has displayed “the permanent exhibition of history of industry in Radeberg”. The palace belongs to the most important examples of architecture of the former ruler, prince elector Moritz von Sachsen, the best known conservative ruler.
Western Lausitz Museum Kamenz / Elementarium
Touching, trying and participating is the idea of Elementarium. Here is where the adventure with knowledge begins for children, families and experts! Travelling in time on the earthquake simulator, at the geological building shop, at mysterious excavations or fascinating non-ordinary exhibitions – through 4.5 billion years! Zoology, geology, botanic, archeology and history of culture of the only cultural landscape is just what you can discover here. The museum café invites you for a break and the museum shop can be visited with no need for entry pay. The museum library of the western Łużyce in Kamenz as a specialist library has been developed not only for the co-workers but for people in general. Benevolence for families, no barriers, age match and fascination are all guaranteed.
St. Marienstern Monastery in Panschwitz-Kuckau
The Sankt Marienstern Monastery is a Cistercian abbey (Zisterzienserinnen-Abtei). The St. Marienstern Monastery is a very important cultural and religious centre for Catholic Christians living nearby. The abbey belongs to a few monasteries that have existed until today without any break since their establishment in 1248. The monastery has unique monastery furnishings. Some parts of the monastery are publicly accessible – the monastery church, the garden, the monastery museum (treasury), the monastery restaurant and the monastery shop. This monastery is a stopping point on the tri-national Via Sacra route, which has invited people to go on journeys without borders and slip into reverie for hundreds of years, and for over 550 km it leads to religious places and art treasures of the European ranking in Lusatia, northern Bohemia (northern Czechia), and Lower Silesia.
The shop and museum of mustard in Bautzen
The Bautzen mustard, a product of Develey Senf & Feinkost GmbH, is one of the most well-known products of eastern Germany. In the Bautzen manufacture shop and the museum of mustard you can dive into the world of one-of-a-kind taste and get to know the extraordinary variety of manufacture. The mustard is a very eagerly bought souvenir with the taste of Bautzen.When visiting the mustard museum, visitors learn everything they need to know about mustard – from mustard cultivation to production and use. The history of the world-famous Bautzen mustard is presented in several display cabinets. An original mustard mill from the last century, weighing 1.3000 kg, is one of many display items of this carefully-equipped museum. Cookbooks and mess tins from the past complement the museum’s image.
A hammer mill (Hammermühle) Heinke & Sohn in Bautzen e K
The hammer mill in Bautzen is a technical monument. Here, mustards, oils and stamped clays are produced by hand using traditional recipes. Visitors can get to know and see the hammer mill in Bautzen and its historic technique, which shows how to use the best ingredients in a traditional and old process of cold pressing using granite stones to create Heinkes’ tasty mustard, and try freshly pressed vegetable oils. Here, you can even produce your own mustard type from natural ingredients by grinding with stones. Trips to show current techniques are offered to all age classes.
Massenei swimming pool in Großröhrsdorf
As a special type of entertaining swimming pool for sports, games and rest, the Massenei swimming pool in Großröhrsdorf is highly recommended – a member of the “Freizeitknüller der Oberlausitz” (= entertainment hits of Upper Lusatia). It is located in a beautiful forest in the Massenei region in the midst of nature. Visitors are attracted by 60,000 m² of meadows for sunbathing and resting, playgrounds and playing fields, two slides with a length of over 60 m, which are perfect for rest and play. A canal with a rapid river, a waterfall, a rain mushroom, a water flower and a wide slide provide sufficient varieties in cool wet water. The swimming pool is perfect for athletes as well as for non-swimmers. The youngest ones can practice their first attempts to swim in a separate pool. All sanitary systems are made without any barriers. The offer of the swimming pool is complemented by two pool restaurants with terraces, sanitary rooms and a sufficient number of free parking lots…
Lehmann pottery workshop and ceramic barn in Neukirch
The pottery workshop was established in 1834 and typical, traditional Lusatian pottery in the Bautzen style is made there. The ornament is applied carefully and by hand using a sponge. The wide product range includes functional ceramics for use in the kitchen and at the stove, as well as gifts, tableware, Christmas articles and home and garden decorations. In the ceramic barn, in addition to the largest pot in Germany, pottery from other parts of Germany, and other ideas for gifts are offered.
In the cafe at the “Ceramic Barn”, which resembles a “pottery pub”, visitors can try coffee and cakes, but also typical regional dishes served on Lusatian ceramics – for lunch and dinner. Every year during the first weekend of October, there is a big pottery festival where potters from all over Germany offer their products.
Half-timbered houses park and the village church in Cunewalde
The half-timbered houses park in the middle of Cunewalde presents a richly built model village, and shows 19 buildings typical of the Bautzen region. On a scale of 1:15 the half-timbered houses were perfectly copied from the originals. The park is open from Easter until October. Above the small park, there rises the largest Evangelical rural church in Germany – an impressive baroque building from 1793 with 2632 seats on three galleries. The church is located on the “Via Sacra” tourist route.
Pumphut path in Wilthen
Around the small town of Wilthen, there winds the “Pumphuta” path. The whole family can wander here in the footsteps of the legendary wizard of Lusatia all day long or for 17 km. The wooden monument in front of the town hall is the starting point, and points the way to adult and young travellers through one of the most beautiful parts of the mountainous country of Lusatia. Eight seal points have to be well searched, and at each of these points one can learn something new about Pumphuth or experience something new. The path leads up and down the mountainous country and offers, besides Pumphut’s attractions, more than one lookout point at which you can take a short break – such as on the Mönchswald mountain or at the devil’s office (Teufelskanzlei). In sight are the highest mountains of the region together with Lausche and Jeschken. If you are already tired, when you have the view of the Jeschken mountain, you can shorten the path here or stop until the next day, so that you can fill the notebook with the seals. If travellers manage to collect all eight stamps, they can enjoy Pumphuta’s surprise.
St. Anna’s monastery church in Kamenz
St. Anna’s monastery church was the church of the Franciscan convent in Kamenz. After the monastery was disbanded, the Franciscans were used for evangelical holy masses for the Lusatian inhabitants. Since August 2011, this place has been used not only for church, concert and event purposes, but also under the name of the monastery church and St. Anna’s sacred museum it is used to present sacral works of art from the churches in Kamenz.Together with late-Gothic wing altars from the churches of St. Anna, as well as St. Marie, and St. Justa, Kamenz and the nearby St. Marienstern monastery create a double parking spot on the Via Sacra route.
Gingerbread museum in Pulsnitz
The residents of Pulnitz have had the privilege to bake gingerbread since 1558. The result is a tradition of handicraft that has survived until today and is therefore the only one of its kind in Germany. Gingerbread kitchens and Lebkuchen GmbH (the Piernik GmbH Company) also produce gingerbreads in Pulsnitz throughout the year and name their city as the “City of Gingerbread” (“Pfefferkuchenstadt”). This traditional baking of gingerbread cake can be experienced in the gingerbread museum in Pulnitz where there is a lot to learn about the history of gingerbread and its production. One look at a workshop show gives you an opportunity to figure out what the gingerbread factory looked like around 1900. In the bakery, visitors can bake gingerbreads, decorate them, or even try them. Gingerbread dough is made available by the gingerbread plant in Pulsnitz. The year-long exhibition informs about the history of the product’s tradition history. If arranged in advance, groups of six or more people can personally bake and try gingerbreads.